Mongolia is a huge country, three times bigger than France. It is sandwiched between Russia and China. The two neighbors influence is both political and economic.
Situated in the heart of Mongolia, Ulaanbaatar takes a major role; first of all, the city accounts for almost the half of the total population (2,8 millions in Mongolia et 1,1 million in the capital). The city gravitates around the city center. Ger suburbs are located on the North and East side of UB (60% of UB dwellers live in those districts) and posh residential districts are on the South side of the city.
UB city center is well developed and quite modern. That is where shops (among which the State Department Store, well stocked) and international and local company headquarters, banks and Soviet residential districts are. Embassies, official buildings, universities and the Mongolian Parliament are also in the city center.
The city gathers local and international transports. The train station welcomes local and international trains going to and coming from China and Russia. The airport serves both local and international destinations in Asia, Europe and United States. There are several direct flights to Beijing, Seoul, Moscow, Tokyo and Berlin. There are also bus stations with buses connecting local towns.
UB apart, there is more cattle than inhabitants in the country. Mongolia is the land of nomads and huge steppes. Nomad herders live following their cattle and the seasons. They live in a ger as their parents and grandparents used to do. But due to climate changes, there are fewer and fewer who decide to live in the countryside. A lot of herders, once their cattle died because of natural disaster or whatever happened, come to the city to give a go to the urban life.